Is Parotitis Bacterial Or Viral?

How do you treat a swollen parotid gland?

massaging the affected gland.

applying warm compresses to the affected gland.

rinsing your mouth with warm salt water.

sucking on sour lemons or sugar-free lemon candy to encourage saliva flow and reduce swelling..

Can dehydration cause parotid gland swelling?

Dehydration may lead to a salivary gland infection, too. When you get dehydrated, your saliva may become thick and flow more slowly than normal. That creates an environment where bacteria can thrive. Instead of a blocked gland or an infection, it’s also possible one of your salivary glands could be enlarged.

Why would my parotid gland be swollen?

Infections. Viral infections such as mumps, flu, and others can cause swelling of the salivary glands. Swelling happens in parotid glands on both sides of the face, giving the appearance of “chipmunk cheeks.” Salivary gland swelling is commonly associated with mumps, happening in about 30% to 40% of mumps infections.

What causes a blocked parotid gland?

Causes of salivary gland infections a reduced flow of saliva due to medical conditions, such as dry mouth. poor oral hygiene which increases the growth of bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus or Haemophilis influenzae. a blockage in their salivary glands from a tumor, abscess, or salivary gland stone.

What virus causes parotitis?

Of the many viral infections resulting in parotitis, mumps (a paramyxovirus) is the classic cause of epidemic parotitis. [4] Other viral causes include coxsackie A virus, cytomegalovirus, echovirus, enterovirus, influenza, and parainfluenza viruses.

Why is Parotitis so painful?

Parotitis is a painful swelling of your parotid glands, which are salivary glands located between the ear and jaw. The most common cause is a virus, such as mumps, herpes, or Epstein-Barr. Bacterial infections, diabetes, tumours or stones in the saliva glands, and tooth problems also may cause parotitis.

Will Parotitis go away on its own?

Saliva then can’t flow normally from the parotid gland into your mouth. Salivary gland stones are the most common cause of this condition. Symptoms can include pain and swelling in the area around the back of your jaw. The condition often goes away on its own with little treatment.

Is Parotitis the same as mumps?

Acute viral parotitis (mumps): The most common viral cause of parotitis is mumps. Routine vaccinations have dropped the incidence of mumps to a very low level. Mumps resolves on its own in about ten days. A viral infection caused by Paramyxovirus, a single-stranded RNA virus.

What are the complications of parotitis?

Complications of parotitis may involve extension of infection into sensitive structures of the neck, leading to massive swelling, obstructive respiratory dysfunctions, septicemia, facial bone osteomyelitis, and septic jugular thrombophlebitis.

Is Parotitis serious?

In some cases, parotitis can be a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting.

What antibiotics treat parotitis?

For health care associated parotitis, broad spectrum antibiotics are recommended as mentioned in Table 3. Cefoxitin, imipenem, ertapenem, the combination of a penicillin plus beta-lactamase (amoxicillin/clavulanate, ampicillin/sulbactam) will provide adequate coverage.

What are the symptoms of parotitis?

SymptomsFace pain.Fever.Headache.Sore throat.Loss of appetite.Swelling of the parotid glands (the largest salivary glands, located between the ear and the jaw)Swelling of the temples or jaw (temporomandibular area)

What is the treatment for Parotitis?

Most episodes of chronic parotitis are treated symptomatically. Sialogogues, local heat, gentle massage of the gland from posterior to anterior, and hydration provide variable symptomatic relief. When pus is expressed from the Stensen duct, culture and sensitivity studies guide antibiotic selection.

How long is Parotitis contagious?

The infectious period is considered from 2 days before to 5 days after parotitis onset, although virus has been isolated from saliva as early as 7 days prior to and up to 9 days after parotitis onset.

How long does parotid gland infection last?

Sialadenitis. Symptoms usually begin to subside within 48 hours of treatment with antibiotics. Viral infections. With mumps, symptoms usually last about 10 days.

Can you have Parotitis without mumps?

Acute, viral non-mumps parotitis (NMP) is an infrequently recognized illness that occurs sporadically and has been associated with multiple etiologic agents, including adenoviruses, enteroviruses (coxsackieviruses, echoviruses), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpes virus (HHV) 6A and 6B, influenza A(H3N2) and …

How can you tell the difference between viral and bacterial parotitis?

Acute bacterial parotitis: The patient reports progressive painful swelling of the gland and fever; chewing aggravates the pain. Acute viral parotitis (mumps): Pain and swelling of the gland last 5-9 days. Moderate malaise, anorexia, and fever occur. Bilateral involvement is present in most instances.

What doctor treats Parotitis?

A salivary gland specialist is the medical professional of choice for evaluating and treating parotitis while minimizing any possible complications. Depending on the cause and degree of gland involvement cutting edge surgical and minimally invasive non-surgical options can be explored.